How is CPR performed? Your best course of action depends on your skill level, and the age of the victim. The directions below are for an infant.
To perform CPR on an infant:
If you know the baby is choking on something, perform first aid for choking. Otherwise, stroke the baby and see if he moves (do not shake the baby).
If someone else is on the scene, have her call 911 or a local emergency number for help. Meanwhile, take these steps:
- First, perform chest compressions:
- Place the baby on her back on a surface that’s flat and firm.
- Take two fingers of one of your hands and place them just below the center point between the baby’s nipples.
- Gently compress the baby’s chest about 1.5 inches.
- Continue to press at a rate of about 100 times a minute, while counting aloud.
- After performing 30 compressions, clear the baby’s airway if you can:
- Gently lift his chin with one hand while pushing down on his forehead with your other hand.
- Put your ear near his mouth and listen for breath sounds (take no more than 10 seconds to do this). Also look to see if his chest is moving, and assess whether you feel his breath on your ear and cheek.
- If the baby isn’t breathing on his own, you will need to breathe for him:
- Use your mouth to cover both his mouth and nose.
- Next, give him two rescue breaths. Using the strength of your cheek muscles (not the full power of your lungs), breathe gentle air puffs into the baby’s mouth for one second. Watch to see if his chest rises, and if it does, perform a second gentle breath. If his chest doesn’t rise, clear his airways again before attempting the second breath.
- If, after the second breath, the baby’s chest still does not rise, check his mouth to see if there’s a foreign object lodged in it. If there is, sweep it out using your finger. If you can’t free it, perform first aid for a choking baby.
- Resume chest compressions, giving two rescue breaths after each 30 compressions.
- Keep performing CPR for two minutes before calling for help, if you’re the only one present on the scene.
- Continue CPR until the baby shows signs of life, or medical assistance arrives.