How to Protect Yourself from Internet Hackers
These days, we hear about a steady stream of cyber-attacks that result in the “hijacking” of millions of accounts online. Big corporations and even the government have proven vulnerable.
Those headlines are cause for concern – and remind us of why we need to be smart about protecting our information on our own computers. Here, from the experts at the internet security term McAfee, are some strategies that will help keep your information safe.
Know Your Enemy
Hackers are extremely sophisticated and can send you emails that look like they come from people or companies you normally trust. This method – called phishing – is aimed at fraudulently obtaining your personal information. And, the McAfee experts say, there’s yet another method, called pharming, that redirects traffic to a fake website through “domain spoofing” – i.e. making a fake website appear genuine. When hackers set up a fake website, the McAfee experts say, they send mass emails and hope to attract people who are customers of the genuine companies.
The most targeted industry is financial services. At a time in your life when you may not be earning as much as you did before, and are worried about keeping what you do have, anxiety and fear could drive you to respond too quickly, and that can mean turning over crucial personal information to criminals.
Best Ways to Defend Against Phishing
The McAfee experts recommend that you keep your operating system up to date. Software manufacturers install periodic updates, or “patches,” as vulnerabilities in their programs become known. Install these patches as soon as possible.
Download the latest version of your browser to ensure that it is also fully updated. Internet Explorer and other browsers include an anti-phishing feature.
Check the name of a site to see whether it’s legitimate. According to the McAfee experts, hackers can fake the origin of an email, and the location of a page. A reliable site should have “https” in the site name as an indication of whether security encryption measures are being used. But, say the McAfee experts, hackers can mimic even that feature – and so the best advice is to proceed with extreme caution.
Never click on links in an unsolicited email, even from a company you do business with and even if it has a scary subject line such as “Your account will be terminated.” Call the company on the phone instead, and use a phone number that you verify outside the email. (Editor’s note: This is also a good strategy when getting telephone calls. If a person says he is from your bank, say you will call back and look up the number on your own. )
Be careful about opening an email attachment even if it’s from someone you know. If you have virus-scanning software, it will protect you by determining whether viruses are hiding inside, the McAfee experts say.