How to Stress Less
As the Internet, mobile devices, and a myriad of other technological wonders increasingly dominate our professional lives, it becomes harder to concentrate on any single item. Everywhere you look, you are besieged by competing demands for your time and attention, commanding you to practice multitasking. “Answer the phone.” “Click here.” “Push here.” “Open me.” “Switch me on.” “Do it all at once!”
Equally unfortunate, multitasking is often promoted as a way for us to meet the complex demands of modern society—and accomplish more in the same amount of time. Have you ever attempted to work on two things at once? You don’t accomplish much, and time mysteriously disappears.
Every day people find themselves perpetually attempting to do many things at once. Yet, attempting to do many things simultaneously can actually have the opposite effect; it makes you less efficient and contributes to stress.
No matter what analogies or metaphors you might have heard, a human being is not a computer. Computers can multitask with ease; the Windows operating system, for example, is capable of running any number of programs without sacrificing accuracy or peace of mind. While there are some low level tasks in which you can multitask, such as eating and watching television, for business professionals multitasking is an idea whose time should never have come.
The primary cost of multitasking is, ironically, the very thing that career professionals are desperate to save: time. Multitasking is not only ineffective, it’s also potentially dangerous. Concentrating on a distant phone call inevitably detracts from a driver’s ability to focus on the road, putting them at dire risk of injury. Several studies have found that cell phone use while driving leads to an increased risk of automobile accidents.
So, how are you supposed to fit in all of your daily tasks without getting so stressed out or frustrated that you cannot finish any? The answer: less is more.
Science has shown that your brain works best when it gives sharp attention in one direction. There is no greater efficiency than focusing on the task at hand and giving it your full concentration.
When an airline flight is canceled and people rush to the reservation desk and scramble to catch the next plane or some other connection, does the gate agent attempt to take on five or 10 people at a time? No. He or she looks at the computer and handles a particular customer’s rerouting, looking up only sparingly. The attendant is not fazed by a 20-person line because it is clearly practical to proceed through it one customer at a time.
Suppose you are continually interrupted by the phone whenever you try to work at your PC. You cannot do your best work because when the phone rings you lose your concentration and focus. How can you handle that situation so that both jobs get the best of your attention? The key is a process called “mental completion.”