Addiction & Substance Overuse
Teaching Clinicians Safe Opioid Prescribing
Educating clinicians on how to prescribe opioids safely can help decrease opioid misuse among chronic pain sufferers. That’s the finding of research done at Boston University Medical Center and published online in August 2015 in the journal Pain Medicine. The study confirms that education can empower clinicians to make more informed clinical decisions about initiating, continuing, changing or discontinuing opioids for patients suffering from chronic pain based on a careful benefit versus risk/harm assessment.
A release from the university reports that chronic pain affects approximately 100 million people in the U.S., making it one of the most common reasons patients seek medical care. Undertreated chronic pain causes reduced function and quality of life and is associated with increased rates of suicide. However, more aggressive chronic pain management with opioid analgesics over the past two decades has been associated with an increase in prescription opioid misuse including addiction and overdose deaths.
Due to the high prevalence of prescription opioid misuse, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandated a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) requiring manufacturers of extended release/long acting (ER/LA) opioids to fund continuing education based on an FDA Blueprint.
SCOPE of Pain Program
Boston University School of Medicine, the first Continuing Medical Education provider to receive ER/LA opioid REMS funding, launched its Safe and Competent Opioid Prescribing Education (SCOPE of Pain) program in 2013. It is offered as a three-hour live or online activity. The live programs included 20 half-day standalone meetings across the US in 16 states. The live and online curricula are identical and presented using a clinical case involving three separate visits: initial visit – assessing chronic pain and opioid misuse risk; one week later – initiating (continuing) opioid therapy safely and months later – assessing and managing aberrant medication taking behaviors. This allows participants to apply the ER/LA opioid REMS content to a common clinical scenario.
Training Program Results
A total of 10,566 participants have completed SCOPE of Pain since its inception through June 2014. Twenty-seven percent (2,850/10,566) were considered the primary target group (defined as being physicians, advanced practice nurses or physician assistants licensed to prescribe opioid analgesics and a member of 13 specialties that routinely manage patients with chronic pain).
Immediately post-program, 87 percent of participants stated they were planning to make at least one change to align their practice with guideline-based care. The most frequently stated changes were 1) to improve opioid prescribing documentation (56 percent); 2) to implement or improve opioid prescribing patient education or communication (53 percent); and 3) to institute or improve Patient-Prescriber Agreements (47 percent).