Cancer Center

A Key Anti-Cancer Protein

Researchers are gaining a better understanding of how the protein connexin can “put the clamps on cancer.”

Study senior author Jean X. Jiang, Ph.D., professor of biochemistry at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, said connexin tethers itself to a cell-proliferating molecule called Skp2. This prevents the Skp2 from traveling to the cell nucleus to promote more cell growth, she said.  Unregulated cell growth causes cancer.

The majority of cells in the body have connexin proteins, but primary tumors have very low amounts. “This is because the presence of connexins suppresses primary tumor growth,” Dr. Jiang said.

Jiang and her team study the eye lens, which is rich in connexin proteins, as a model system to understand how connexin functions in cells throughout the body. First author of the study is Qian Shi, Ph.D., a postdoctoral fellow at the Health Science Center.

“If there is a way to amplify the presence of connexin, then there can be a way to suppress the cell proliferation, for example in cancer,” Jiang said.

The findings were published in the journal Developmental Cell.

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