Stress. We all have it but some of us deal with it better than others. If you look at any … Read More→
Depression is a common and serious mental health condition, which can negatively affect how you feel, how you think, and … Watch Video→
As couples mature together, they often grow apart in their level of interest and skill in handling their finances. A … Read More→
Exercise is essential, and it can be tempting to join a gym to get yourself into a routine. But a … Read More→
A study featured in the July 2018 issue of the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics found that … Read More→
Go ahead and enjoy that full-fat yogurt! There’s no significant link between dairy fats and heart disease and stroke, according … Read More→
With fitness, which is more important: genetics or lifestyle, nature or nurture? Researchers at San Francisco State University, CSU Fullerton … Read More→
Regular physical activity is one of the most important things you can do for yourself as an older adult. It … Read More→
The end of summer means the resumption of routines for most families. This can be a great time to build … Read More→
Most students underestimate the impact of female and male age on fertility, new research published in July 2018 in Human … Read More→
Simple blood test shows promise in detecting early-stage lung cancer, study finds.
Commonly prescribed antidepressants increase the risk of weight gain for years, study finds.
Congenital heart disease is a term used to describe heart conditions in infants, children, and adults that are caused by abnormalities in prenatal heart development (congenital heart defects). Congenital heart disease causes the most deaths within the first year of life compared to any other birth defect, and affects approximately 500,000 American adults.
Among the most common of congenital heart diseases are:
The following are risk factors for congenital heart disease:
Tests for congenital heart diseases can occur at varying stages of life.
Pre-natal tests for congenital heart disease include:
Infancy, childhood, and adulthood diagnostic tests include:
Many congenital heart diseases do not show signs or symptoms, and are only detected upon the first major event (i.e. heart attack, heart failure). However, certain severe congenital heart diseases can present symptoms upon birth. These symptoms include:
The mortality rate for congenital heart disease depends largely on the type of defect. Many infants born with congenital heart disease live healthy lives with minimal restrictions. Most will need to monitor their hearts during times of sickness due to a susceptibility to infection.
There is not much you can do about having a congenital heart disease, though there are things you can do to improve your overall heart health and reduce your risk of heart attack/failure:
Screening for congenital heart disease begins in utero, with ultrasound imaging of the fetal heart. Infants, toddlers, and children, are then monitored for signs of heart irregularities by their pediatricians at their annual physicals.
Promoting overall heart health will help to lower your risk of heart defect complications such as heart attack and heart failure. The following are tips for a heart healthy lifestyle:
Most congenital heart diseases cannot be cured with medications, though medications can help manage symptoms, treat complications, and prevent future damaging cardiac events. These include:
Side effects of antiarrhythmics include:
Side effects of anticoagulants and antiplatelet medications include:
Because anticoagulants lengthened the time required to form a blood clot, patients taking anticoagulants are at a higher risk for excessive bleeding and hemorrhaging. Speak to your doctor about the risks and benefits of taking anticoagulants. It is especially important to take into consideration this potentially life threatening side effect.
Side effects of diuretics include:
Side effects of direct-acting vasodilators include:
In many cases, surgery may be necessary to cure a congenital disease. Surgeries vary in levels of complication and can be performed at any age. Many infants with serious congenital heart defects require immediate operation.
The following list of heart health supplements is offered by the University of Maryland Medical Center that may help lower the overall risk of heart disease for individuals with congenital heart defects. Always check with your cardiologist or primary doctor before adding supplements to your regimen for treating and preventing heart failure. Many people with heart conditions take multiple medications, including blood-thinning medications, blood pressure medications, and others. The supplements below may interact with these (and other medications) and may not be right for people with certain medical conditions.
Stress reduction practices. Since stress is associated with heart disease, it’s prudent to try techniques to help reduce it. The following methods have been shown to reduce stress in some people:
Call 911 if you are experiencing the symptoms of a HEART ATTACK which include:
You should not hesitate to call 911 if you are experiencing any of these symptoms that come on suddenly. You could be having a STROKE.
You will probably have different questions to ask your doctor depending on your heart condition. Be open about all your concerns. If you’re having difficulty focusing, bring along a friend or family member. Below you’ll find general questions you might want to ask your doctor about heart disease as suggested by the American Heart Association.
QUESTIONS ABOUT MEDICATION
QUESTIONS ABOUT DIET
QUESTIONS ABOUT EXERCISE
Ever Wonder How Lung Cancer is Detected?
Tour de Periods: A Look at Menstruation Through Space and Time
The 3 Steps to Get – and Stay – Happy
Cilantro is an amazing detoxifying herb – and it also has fantastic flavor. It pairs perfectly with pine ...
Thanksgiving was not always a traditional holiday in Puerto Rico – but as more Puerto Rican families called ...
Flatbreads are a feature of many diverse cultures – from Ethiopia to India to Mexico – Lefse, a thin potat ...