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Stethoscopes More Contaminated Than Docs’ Hands

The diaphragm of stethoscopes turned out to be more contaminated than all regions of the physicians’ hand except the fingertips in a study at the University of Geneva Hospitals and published in the March 2014 issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Not only that, but the tube of the stethoscope was more heavily contaminated than the back of the physician’s hand. Similar results were observed when contamination was due to methicillin-resistant S.aureus (MRSA) after examining MRSA-colonized patients.

A release from the publishers quotes lead investigator Didier Pittet, MD, MS as saying, “By considering that stethoscopes are used repeatedly over the course of a day, come directly into contact with patients’ skin, and may harbor several thousands of bacteria (including MRSA) collected during a previous physical examination, we consider them as potentially significant vectors of transmission. From infection control and patient safety perspectives, the stethoscope should be regarded as an extension of the physician’s hands and be disinfected after every patient contact.”

In this study, 71 patients were examined by one of three physicians using sterile gloves and a sterile stethoscope. After they completed the examination, two parts of the stethoscope (the tube and diaphragm) and four regions of the physician’s hands (back, fingertips, and thenar and hypothenar eminences) were measured for the total number of bacteria present.

This work is the first to compare directly the level of contamination of physicians’ hands and stethoscopes. Stethoscope contamination is not trivial and is comparable to the contamination of healthcare workers’ fingertips, the hand region most implicated in microbial cross-transmission. Physicians must be aware of the need to disinfect their stethoscope after each use.

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